Glossary

We’re not about to throw around a whole bunch of fancy words, without explaining ourselves! Here’s the lowdown…

Advocacy: The act of pleading or arguing in favour of something, such as a cause, idea, or policy; active support. Forms of advocacy include protests, petitions, letter-writing campaigns, and lobbying.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS): The final stage of an HIV infection.

Anonymity: The state of being unknown or unacknowledged; namelessness.  Anonymity is a major motivation for sex tourists who escape to foreign countries.

Audio Child Pornography: The use of audio devices using a child’s voice, real or simulated, for the sexual gratification of the user.

Bargirl: A woman or child who works as a hostess in a bar catering mostly to male clients, but also some female clients. They are generally employed in a dance bar.
(Note that this term should not be confused with a barmaid, who serves drinks in a bar but is not expected to entertain customers personally or provide sexual services.)

Bar Fine (or Bar Fee): The payment made by a customer to the operators of a bar (particularly hostess bars or go-go bars) that allows a dancer or hostess or some other employee of that bar to leave work early, usually in order to accompany the customer back to his hotel room. A bar fine may also be required in order to take the employee to a more secluded part of the same establishment, such as a short-time room.

Brothel: A house, flat or apartment, or other property where sexual services are sold.

Chat Rooms:  An online platform where two or more people can “chat” by writing back and forth to each other in conversation, “speaking” in instant text messages. Many online child predators use chat rooms to meet children for the purpose of sexual exploitation or to exchange information with one another on how to gain access to children.

Child: According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a child is “every human being below the age of 18 years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.”

Child Abuse: The physical and/or emotional and/or psychological mistreatment of children; any act or series of acts that result in harm or threat of harm to a child.

Child Pornography/Child Sexual Abuse Images/Child Rape Images: Sexual images of children or writing about children designed to sexually excite another person (usually an adult). Refers to the visual or audio depiction of a child for the sexual gratification of the user, and involves the production, distribution and/or use of such material; any representation, by whatever means, of a child involved in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of a child, the dominant characteristic of which is depiction for a sexual purpose. For more information, click here.

Child Grooming: The act of befriending or establishing a connection with the child based on trust in order to lower their inhibitions in preparing them for sexual abuse or sexual exploitation. These acts include giving gifts such as toys or money, showing child abuse images to children thinking that it will be easier for the child to accept, offering to babysit, or inviting children for sleepovers so they are in the same room or bed. It can also include grooming the child’s family so they are less likely to believe any accusations of abuse.

Child Sexual Abuse: Sexual mistreatment, including inappropriate touching and talk, in which a child is used for the sexual pleasure of an older or more knowledgeable child or adult. Sexual abuse is different from commercial sexual exploitation because no payment is involved, and the child is not thought to be a commodity.

Child Sex Tourism (CST):  Also known as child prostitution tourism, it is the commercial sexual exploitation of children by men or women who travel from one place to another, usually from a richer country to one that is less developed, solely to engage in sexual acts with children.  For more information, click here.

Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes: Involves the recruitment, transport, transfer, harbour, or receipt of children for sex-specific labour including prostitution, pornography, stripping, live sex shows, and prostitution tourism. For more information, click here.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): Children, both male and female, engaging in sexual activities for money, profit, or any other consideration due to coercion or influence by any adult, syndicate or group. For more information, click here.

Convention: A formal agreement between States; a treaty.

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC): A United Nations document that states the human rights that children everywhere have, and is the first binding international instrument setting out the civil, political, economic, cultural and social rights of children. For more information, click here.

Corruption: Occurs in a political system or institution where officials personally gain through actions such as bribery. Government officials and police officers have been known to accept bribes such as money and free sexual services in exchange for keeping quiet about CSEC.

Cyber Crime: Crimes dealing with computers and networks (such as hacking) and the facilitation of traditional crime through the use of computers (child abuse images, hate crimes, telemarketing /Internet fraud).

Cyber Predators: Men or women who spend time online, in chat rooms, online blogging sites, or other online social sites for the purpose of meeting children.  They often lie about themselves or create false identities to trick or lure people into chatting with them. They often try to lure them into meeting in person, for the purpose of sexual exploitation.

Debt Bondage (or Bonded Labour): An arrangement whereby a person is forced to pay off a loan with their labour in place of money, over a period of time. The debtor is often tricked or trapped into working for very little or no pay, and the value of their work is significantly greater than the original sum of money borrowed. Massive interest rates and arbitrarily increasing debt means the slave will rarely see freedom.

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT): A global network of organisations and individuals working together to eliminate child prostitution, child pornography, and the trafficking of children for sexual purposes. It seeks to encourage the world community to ensure that children everywhere enjoy their fundamental rights, free and secure from all forms of commercial sexual exploitation.

Exploitation: The act of mistreating someone by taking advantage of them, using them selfishly, or benefiting at their expense.

Extraterritorial Legislation:  In the context of child sex tourism, this means that if a person is caught purchasing sex from a child in another country, the perpetrator’s home country can prosecute that person for the offence, even though it took place outside of their home country.

Gender: The set of characteristics that humans perceive as distinguishing between male and female (whereas sex is biological, gender is the idea of whether you identify yourself as male or female).

Hostess Bar (or Go-Go Bar): A common feature in the night-time entertainment industry of Japan as well as other East Asian countries and outside Asia with a high East Asian population.  They are establishments that employ primarily female staff and cater to males.  There often have “drink quotas,” where the girls are required to have a minimum number of drinks purchased for them to help the bar make money. If one of the customers wants to have sexual contact with one of the girls, a “bar fine” must be paid to the bar owner.  Go-Go bars usually include stage dancing, table dancing, or “sexy shows” put on by the girls.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): The virus that leads to AIDS. It is contracted through mucous membranes or blood to blood contact, HIV disables the body’s immune system.

The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL): The world’s largest international police organization, with 188 member countries.

International Labor Organization (ILO): A specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues, and seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights.

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): Allows you to connect to the internet and visit websites. With the many free ISPs out there now, it is becoming easier for people to create free email accounts that do not require validation of information or security checks. This means that anyone can create an email account making up a name, age, location, etc. This is a dangerous aspect to the world of online predators and online child pornography, as the people behind these email accounts are increasingly difficult to trace.

John: A prostitute’s client.

Jurisdiction: Legal power; the right and power to interpret and apply the law.

Legislation: The act or process of making laws.

Mamasan (or Mama-san): A woman who works in a supervisory role in certain establishments in Southeast Asia, typically those related to sex work, but sometimes in drinking places as well.

Materialism: The desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters. This way of thinking can be associated with the selling of sex. The sex industry is a multibillion dollar industry, driven by monetary gain alone.

Morphing: Image editing software used to either join multiple pictures together to distort pictures to create an image that never existed in reality. The distorting of pictures is called morphing, and is common in child pornography. Another example is putting the image of a child’s head on the image of a miniaturized adult’s body, removing hair and adult features to create what appears to be a child pornography photo.  Legal distinction and prosecution can be very difficult in these situations, as while the image appears to be that of a child, in reality it is only a child’s face.

Nongovernmental Organization (NGO): A legally constituted organization that operates independently from any government. Sometimes referred to as “civil society organizations,” these organizations have many different functions, depending on their missions and members.

The Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OPSC): Supplements the Convention on the Rights of the Child and is the first of two optional protocols to enter into force. The OPSC was adopted in May 2000 and entered into force in January 2002. As of March 2008, 115 UN member States have signed it, and 124 are parties to the OPSC. It is the first instrument defining and expressly prohibiting the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.  For more information, click here.

Optional Protocol: Very often, human rights treaties are followed by “Optional Protocols” which may either provide for procedures with regard to the treaty or address a substantive area related to the treaty. Optional Protocols to human rights treaties are treaties in their own right, and are open to signature, accession or ratification by countries who are party to the main treaty.

Paedophile (or Pedophile):  An adult who is sexually attracted to prepubescent children.  Not all paedophiles act on their attraction.

Pimp: Someone who controls a prostitute or prostitutes and profits from prostituting them, while often beating, drugging, and raping them to keep them compliant.

Pornography: Sexual images or writing intended to sexually excite another person. Pornography can be in books, magazines, movies, or on the Internet.

PREDA: A charitable organization founded in Olongapo City, Philippines in 1974.  It is dedicated to the promotion and protection of the dignity of the human rights of Filipino people, especially of women and children.  For more information, click here.

Primary Health Care (PHC): An approach to health beyond the traditional health care system that focuses on health equity-producing social policy.

Prosecution: Carrying out legal proceedings against a person.

Prostitute: A person who has sex, or takes part in sexual activities, with another person in return for money, favours, or any other form of payment.

Prostitution: The selling of sexual services

Prostitution of Children: Involves children having sexual intercourse in exchange for money or gifts. For more information, click here.

Protective Environment: An environment in which children’s rights are respected so that they can grow up in safety and dignity, able to develop to their full capacity.

Ratify: To formally approve and invest with legal authority.

Recruiter: A person who gets people to fill jobs or positions. In CSEC, recruiters are often the first link in the chain of trafficking. They can be professional criminals, adult prostitutes who grew up with prostitution, or family members or friends.

Red-Light District: A part of a city/town where people and/or businesses sell sex.

Rehabilitation: To restore to good health and useful life, as through therapy and education.

Reintegration: Restoration to a condition of integration and unity. In the context of CSEC, reintegration can be into the family, school, and/or community.

Sex Tourism (or Prostitution Tourism): Travel solely to engage in sexual intercourse or sexual activity with prostitutes, and is typically undertaken internationally by tourists from wealthier countries. Defines the specific motivation of tourists to go on holiday for the purpose of engaging in short-term sexual relations.

Sexual Slavery: The organized coercion of unwilling people into different sexual practices. Sexual slavery may include single-owner sexual slavery, ritual slavery sometimes associated with traditional religious practices, or prostitution (forced).

Sexually Transmitted Disease/Infection (STD/STI): Various diseases or infections that are transferred from person to person, usually through sexual contact (such as Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, Herpes, Syphilis, HIV, Genital Warts, and HPV (Human Papillomavirus).

Sexpat: An expat (or expatriate- a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country and culture other than that of the person’s upbringing or legal residence) who moves to another country for the sole purpose of engaging in commercial sexual activity.

Slavery: A form of forced labour, in which people are considered to be, or treated as, the property of another person; involuntary servitude.

Smuggling: The illegal and secret transport of something. Smuggling people to exploit them is called “trafficking.”

Southeast Asia: A sub-region of Asia, including the countries of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei and Singapore.

State of the World’s Children (SOWC): A UNICEF report produced annually that is an assessment of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable children.

Stigma: Occurs when an person with a characteristic or problem, which is looked down upon by society, is rejected for their characteristic or problem.  In the context of CSEC, children may be forced to deal with the stigma of being a prostitute, and can be rejected by their families or communities if they return home.  Also, AIDS orphans suffer from the stigma associated with the disease, and are excluded and afforded little opportunities in their lives, making them vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation.

United Nations (UN): An international organization comprised of 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, friendly relations among nations, and improving social progress, better living standards and human rights. Best known for peace building, peacekeeping, conflict prevention, and humanitarian assistance.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): The UN’s global development network advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF): The arm of the UN that works for children’s rights, their survival, development and protection.

Video Conferencing: Allows people or groups online to have online real-time meetings with video and sound. This is a dangerous medium for creating and distributing “real-time” live child rape images.

Virility: Masculine characteristics that are seen as positive.

World Health Organization (WHO): The directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.